Cancer and the Human Body: An Inside Look

NFCR is happy to bring you an interactive body map of various kinds of cancer and their effects on the human body. To learn more about the differences in brain cancer versus breast cancer, or how the spread of esophageal cancer varies from the spread of colon cancer, take a moment to explore the interactive model below. By moving your mouse over different parts of the human body, you can learn about the specific cancers that can affect that organ. In addition, this page offers information about symptoms, prevention and detection techniques, and ways to fight cancer. Find out more today.

Brain Cancer

 
imageBRAIN CANCER  

Description: Brain cancer can develop in the brain or start somewhere else in the body and move to your brain. Because the Brain is a vital organ, early detection is key to properly treating and preventing fatality.

   CLICK TO READ MORE...

 

Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

 
imageANAPLASTIC THYROID CANCER  

Description: Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer is very rare cancer that starts in a gland in your neck. It is more dangerous because it moves quickly. Most people do not survive longer than 6 months due to the aggressive nature of this disease and lack of effective treatment options.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Ovarian Syndrome

 
imageOVARIAN CANCER  

Description: Ovarian cancer only affects women and is found in the ovaries, part of the female reproductive system. Known as the “Silent Killer” too often the cancer goes undiagnosed until after the disease is far advanced and has spread throughout the abdomen or to distant organs.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Lung Cancer

 
imageLUNG CANCER  

Description: Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers and is the leading killer among all types of cancer. Smoking causes most cases of lung cancer. If we can initiate a disconnect between smoking and lung cancer, countless lives will be saved.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Bone Cancer

 
imageBONE CANCER  

Description: Primary bone cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the bone, while secondary bone cancer is cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body. Primary bone cancer is extremely rare, and benign (noncancerous) bone tumors are more common than malignant (cancerous) ones.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Breast Cancer

 
imageBREAST CANCER  

Description: Breast cancer usually affects women, but men can get it too. 90% of those who are diagnosed with breast cancer lose their lives to the cancer spreading to the rest of their bodies. People will often have a lump in the breast, which is why mammography and self-exams can help detect the cancer early.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Cervical Cancer

 
imageCERVICAL CANCER  

Description: The cervix is a female reproductive organ that forms the lower portion of the uterus or womb, and cancer occurs when tcervical cells grow out of control. In most cases, the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Colon Cancer

 
imageCOLON CANCER  

Description: Colon cancer, also called colorectal cancer, is cancer of the colon or rectum. It is more common in people over 50, but can affect people younger than 50 too. Because of the complexity of colon cancer the future for a cure relies heavily on analysis on a genetic level then adapting the results to the individual.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Esophageal Cancer

 
imageESOPHAGEAL CANCER  

Description: Esophageal cancer affects the esophagus, a tube that carries food and drinks from your throat to your stomach. Early esophageal cancer usually does not cause any symptoms, but later people will have difficulty swallowing, weight loss, and might cough up blood.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Head and Neck Cancer

 
imageHEAD AND NECK CANCER  

Description: Head and neck cancer includes cancers found in the mouth, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat and lymph nodes in the neck. Most start in the tissues that line the mouth, nose and throat and are strongly linked to tobacco use.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Kidney Cancer

 
imageKIDNEY CANCER  

Description: Kidney cancer forms in the lining of tubes in your kidneys that are used to filter and clean blood. Kidney Cancer Spreads rapidly because of the kidneys role in blood circulation.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Leukemia

 
imageLEUKEMIA  

Description: Leukemia is a cancer found in the white blood cells, which help the body fight infection. Without the body’s natural defense system, we are prone to anemia, bleeding and infections.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Liver Cancer

 
imageLIVER CANCER  

Description: The liver is the largest organ inside the body, and performs many vital functions: a person cannot survive without his or her liver. More common in African and East Asian countries, liver cancer is often tied to hepatitis infection (A, B, and C).

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Lymphoma Cancer

 
imageLYMPHOMA CANCER  

Description: Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma occur in the immune system and affects white blood cells. It can start in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver or bone marrow. The available treatment options are not effective enough and more than 20,000 children and adults are expected to lose their battle against this lethal disease in 2012 alone.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Melanoma Cancer

 
imageMELANOMA CANCER  

Description: Although most skin cancers are curable, melanoma claimed an estimated 9,000 U.S. lives in 2012, and accounts for 75% of all skin cancer deaths. Melanoma is more difficult to prevent because, unlike other types of skin cancer, heredity plays a major role in its development.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Mesothelioma Cancer

 
imageMESOTHELIOMA CANCER  

Description: Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer, in which malignant cells grow in the chest or abdomen lining. Most individuals who develop mesothelioma have been exposed to airborne asbestos particles on a regular basis.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Multiple Myeloma

 
imageMULTIPLE MYELOMA  

Description: Multiple Myeloma forms in a specific type of white blood cell – plasma cells. Over time, myeloma cells collect in the bone marrow and in solid parts of bone.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Prostate Cancer

 
imagePROSTATE CANCER  

Description: Prostate cancer only affects men and occurs in a gland located below the bladder. Currently, no effective treatment is currently available for when after the cancer has reached advanced stages.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Pancreatic Syndrome

 
imagePANCREATIC CANCER  

Description: Pancreatic cancer occurs in a gland that is located behind the stomach and helps to break down food. While treatment exists, there is a greater potential to advance these treatments to have a higher survival rate.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Prostate Cancer

 
imageBLADDER CANCER  

Description: In 2013, about 55,000 men and 18,000 women will be diagnosed with bladder cancer in the U.S., and most will be over 70 years old. While some bladder tumors are benign, malignant tumors pose a threat due to their ability to spread to other parts of the body.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Sarcoma

 
imageSARCOMA  

Description: Sarcoma is a very rare cancer that occurs in soft tissues such as fat, muscles or nerves. There are many different types, depending on what tissue the sarcoma starts in.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Skin Cancer

 
imageSKIN CANCER  

Description: Most skin damage leading to skin cancer is caused by over-exposure to UV rays from the sun and tanning beds. So, skin cancer usually forms on parts of the body that are more exposed to the sun – the head, face, neck, hands and arms.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Testicular Cancer

 
imageTESTICULAR CANCER  

Description: Testicular cancer occurs when malignant cells are found in one or both testicles. While it only accounts for 1% of all cancers in men, it is the most common type of cancer in young men between the ages of 15 and 35.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Thyroid Cancer

 
imageTHYROID CANCER  

Description: The thyroid is a hormone-producing gland at the front of our neck (beneath the larynx). Usually, thyroid cells grow and divide, as the body needs them. Sometimes, this process goes awry, leading to the buildup of extra cells.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Uterine Cancer

 
imageUTERINE CANCER  

Description: Uterine cancer, also called endometrial cancer, is a cancer that originates in the inner lining of the uterus. Most known risk factors appear to be related to changes in the balance between estrogen and progesterone, two main female hormones.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Childhood Cancer

 
imageCHILDHOOD CANCER  

Description: Children can get cancer in the same body parts as adults, but childhood cancers appear suddenly and without early symptoms. Children’s immature immune system allows the red flags cancer to stay dormant, for longer periods.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Brain Cancer

 
imageBRAIN CANCER  

Description: Brain cancer can develop in the brain or start somewhere else in the body and move to your brain. Because the Brain is a vital organ, early detection is key to properly treating and preventing fatality.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Gastric Cancer

 
imageGASTRIC CANCER  

Description: In 2013, more than 13,000 men and 8,000 women will be diagnosed with gastric (or stomach) cancer in the U.S., and most will be over 70 years old. Gastric cancer typically begins in the inner layer of the stomach, and can spread, or metastasize, into nearby organs or lymph nodes.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer

 
imageANAPLASTIC THYROID CANCER  

Description: Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer is very rare cancer that starts in a gland in your neck. It is more dangerous because it moves quickly. Most people do not survive longer than 6 months due to the aggressive nature of this disease and lack of effective treatment options.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Ovarian Syndrome

 
imageOVARIAN CANCER  

Description: Ovarian cancer only affects women and is found in the ovaries, part of the female reproductive system. Known as the “Silent Killer” too often the cancer goes undiagnosed until after the disease is far advanced and has spread throughout the abdomen or to distant organs.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Lung Cancer

 
imageLUNG CANCER  

Description: Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers and is the leading killer among all types of cancer. Smoking causes most cases of lung cancer. If we can initiate a disconnect between smoking and lung cancer, countless lives will be saved.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Bone Cancer

 
imageBONE CANCER  

Description: Primary bone cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the bone, while secondary bone cancer is cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body. Primary bone cancer is extremely rare, and benign (noncancerous) bone tumors are more common than malignant (cancerous) ones.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Breast Cancer

 
imageBREAST CANCER  

Description: Breast cancer usually affects women, but men can get it too. 90% of those who are diagnosed with breast cancer lose their lives to the cancer spreading to the rest of their bodies. People will often have a lump in the breast, which is why mammography and self-exams can help detect the cancer early.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Cervical Cancer

 
imageCERVICAL CANCER  

Description: The cervix is a female reproductive organ that forms the lower portion of the uterus or womb, and cancer occurs when tcervical cells grow out of control. In most cases, the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Colon Cancer

 
imageCOLON CANCER  

Description: Colon cancer, also called colorectal cancer, is cancer of the colon or rectum. It is more common in people over 50, but can affect people younger than 50 too. Because of the complexity of colon cancer the future for a cure relies heavily on analysis on a genetic level then adapting the results to the individual.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Esophageal Cancer

 
imageESOPHAGEAL CANCER  

Description: Esophageal cancer affects the esophagus, a tube that carries food and drinks from your throat to your stomach. Early esophageal cancer usually does not cause any symptoms, but later people will have difficulty swallowing, weight loss, and might cough up blood.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Head and Neck Cancer

 
imageHEAD AND NECK CANCER  

Description: Head and neck cancer includes cancers found in the mouth, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat and lymph nodes in the neck. Most start in the tissues that line the mouth, nose and throat and are strongly linked to tobacco use.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Kidney Cancer

 
imageKIDNEY CANCER  

Description: Kidney cancer forms in the lining of tubes in your kidneys that are used to filter and clean blood. Kidney Cancer Spreads rapidly because of the kidneys role in blood circulation.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Leukemia

 
imageLEUKEMIA  

Description: Leukemia is a cancer found in the white blood cells, which help the body fight infection. Without the body’s natural defense system, we are prone to anemia, bleeding and infections.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Liver Cancer

 
imageLIVER CANCER  

Description: The liver is the largest organ inside the body, and performs many vital functions: a person cannot survive without his or her liver. More common in African and East Asian countries, liver cancer is often tied to hepatitis infection (A, B, and C).

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Lymphoma Cancer

 
imageLYMPHOMA CANCER  

Description: Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma occur in the immune system and affects white blood cells. It can start in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver or bone marrow. The available treatment options are not effective enough and more than 20,000 children and adults are expected to lose their battle against this lethal disease in 2012 alone.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Melanoma Cancer

 
imageMELANOMA CANCER  

Description: Although most skin cancers are curable, melanoma claimed an estimated 9,000 U.S. lives in 2012, and accounts for 75% of all skin cancer deaths. Melanoma is more difficult to prevent because, unlike other types of skin cancer, heredity plays a major role in its development.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Mesothelioma Cancer

 
imageMESOTHELIOMA CANCER  

Description: Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer, in which malignant cells grow in the chest or abdomen lining. Most individuals who develop mesothelioma have been exposed to airborne asbestos particles on a regular basis.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Myelodysplastic Syndrome

 
imageMYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROME  

Description: Vestibulum tortor quam, feugiat vitae, ultricies eget, tempor sit amet, ante. Donec eu libero sit amet quam egestas semper. Aenean ultricies mi vitae est. Mauris placerat eleifend leo.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Prostate Cancer

 
imagePROSTATE CANCER  

Description: Prostate cancer only affects men and occurs in a gland located below the bladder. Currently, no effective treatment is currently available for when after the cancer has reached advanced stages.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Pancreatic Syndrome

 
imagePANCREATIC CANCER  

Description: Pancreatic cancer occurs in a gland that is located behind the stomach and helps to break down food. While treatment exists, there is a greater potential to advance these treatments to have a higher survival rate.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Bladder Cancer

 
imageBLADDER CANCER  

Description: In 2013, about 55,000 men and 18,000 women will be diagnosed with bladder cancer in the U.S., and most will be over 70 years old. While some bladder tumors are benign, malignant tumors pose a threat due to their ability to spread to other parts of the body.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Sarcoma

 
imageSARCOMA  

Description: Sarcoma is a very rare cancer that occurs in soft tissues such as fat, muscles or nerves. There are many different types, depending on what tissue the sarcoma starts in.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Skin Cancer

 
imageSKIN CANCER  

Description: Most skin damage leading to skin cancer is caused by over-exposure to UV rays from the sun and tanning beds. So, skin cancer usually forms on parts of the body that are more exposed to the sun – the head, face, neck, hands and arms.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Testicular Cancer

 
imageTESTICULAR CANCER  

Description: Testicular cancer occurs when malignant cells are found in one or both testicles. While it only accounts for 1% of all cancers in men, it is the most common type of cancer in young men between the ages of 15 and 35.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Thyroid Cancer

 
imageTHYROID CANCER  

Description: The thyroid is a hormone-producing gland at the front of our neck (beneath the larynx). Usually, thyroid cells grow and divide, as the body needs them. Sometimes, this process goes awry, leading to the buildup of extra cells.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Uterine Cancer

 
imageUTERINE CANCER  

Description: Uterine cancer, also called endometrial cancer, is a cancer that originates in the inner lining of the uterus. Most known risk factors appear to be related to changes in the balance between estrogen and progesterone, two main female hormones.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

Childhood Cancer

 
imageCHILDHOOD CANCER  

Description: Children can get cancer in the same body parts as adults, but childhood cancers appear suddenly and without early symptoms. Children’s immature immune system allows the red flags cancer to stay dormant, for longer periods.

   CLICK TO READ MORE

 

 
imageGASTRIC CANCER  

Description: In 2013, more than 13,000 men and 8,000 women will be diagnosed with gastric (or stomach) cancer in the U.S., and most will be over 70 years old. Gastric cancer typically begins in the inner layer of the stomach, and can spread, or metastasize, into nearby organs or lymph nodes.

   CLICK TO READ MORE