Cancer and the Human Body: An Inside Look

  • BREAST CANCER

     

    Description: Breast cancer usually affects women, but men can get it too. 90% of those who are diagnosed with breast cancer lose their lives to the cancer spreading to the rest of their bodies. People will often have a lump in the breast, which is why mammography and self-exams can help detect the cancer early.

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  • LEUKEMIA

     

    Description: Leukemia is a cancer found in the white blood cells, which help the body fight infection. Without the body’s natural defense system, we are prone to anemia, bleeding and infections.

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  • LUNG CANCER

     

    Description: Lung cancer is one of the most common cancers and is the leading killer among all types of cancer. Smoking causes most cases of lung cancer. If we can initiate a disconnect between smoking and lung cancer, countless lives will be saved.

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  • PROSTATE CANCER

     

    Description: Prostate cancer only affects men and occurs in a gland located below the bladder. Currently, no effective treatment is currently available for when after the cancer has reached advanced stages.

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  • SKIN CANCER

     

    Description: Most skin damage leading to skin cancer is caused by over-exposure to UV rays from the sun and tanning beds. So, skin cancer usually forms on parts of the body that are more exposed to the sun – the head, face, neck, hands and arms.

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  • ANAPLASTIC THYROID CANCER

     

    Description: Anaplastic Thyroid Cancer is very rare cancer that starts in a gland in your neck. It is more dangerous because it moves quickly. Most people do not survive longer than 6 months due to the aggressive nature of this disease and lack of effective treatment options.

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  • BLADDER CANCER

     

    Description: In 2013, about 55,000 men and 18,000 women will be diagnosed with bladder cancer in the U.S., and most will be over 70 years old. While some bladder tumors are benign, malignant tumors pose a threat due to their ability to spread to other parts of the body.

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  • BONE CANCER

     

    Description: Primary bone cancer is cancer that forms in the cells of the bone, while secondary bone cancer is cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body. Primary bone cancer is extremely rare, and benign (noncancerous) bone tumors are more common than malignant (cancerous) ones.

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  • BRAIN CANCER

     

    Description: Brain cancer can develop in the brain or start somewhere else in the body and move to your brain. Because the Brain is a vital organ, early detection is key to properly treating and preventing fatality.

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  • CERVICAL CANCER

     

    Description: The cervix is a female reproductive organ that forms the lower portion of the uterus or womb, and cancer occurs when tcervical cells grow out of control. In most cases, the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) causes cervical cancer.

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  • CHILDHOOD CANCER

     

    Description: Children can get cancer in the same body parts as adults, but childhood cancers appear suddenly and without early symptoms. Children’s immature immune system allows the red flags cancer to stay dormant, for longer periods.

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  • COLON CANCER

     

    Description: Colon cancer, also called colorectal cancer, is cancer of the colon or rectum. It is more common in people over 50, but can affect people younger than 50 too. Because of the complexity of colon cancer the future for a cure relies heavily on analysis on a genetic level then adapting the results to the individual.

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  • ESOPHAGEAL CANCER

     

    Description: Esophageal cancer affects the esophagus, a tube that carries food and drinks from your throat to your stomach. Early esophageal cancer usually does not cause any symptoms, but later people will have difficulty swallowing, weight loss, and might cough up blood.

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  • GASTRIC CANCER

     

    Description: In 2013, more than 13,000 men and 8,000 women will be diagnosed with gastric (or stomach) cancer in the U.S., and most will be over 70 years old. Gastric cancer typically begins in the inner layer of the stomach, and can spread, or metastasize, into nearby organs or lymph nodes.

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  • HEAD AND NECK CANCER

     

    Description: Head and neck cancer includes cancers found in the mouth, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat and lymph nodes in the neck. Most start in the tissues that line the mouth, nose and throat and are strongly linked to tobacco use.

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  • KIDNEY CANCER

     

    Description: Kidney cancer forms in the lining of tubes in your kidneys that are used to filter and clean blood. Kidney Cancer Spreads rapidly because of the kidneys role in blood circulation.

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  • LIVER CANCER

     

    Description: The liver is the largest organ inside the body, and performs many vital functions: a person cannot survive without his or her liver. More common in African and East Asian countries, liver cancer is often tied to hepatitis infection (A, B, and C).

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  • LYMPHOMA CANCER

     

    Description: Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma occur in the immune system and affects white blood cells. It can start in the lymph nodes, spleen, liver or bone marrow. The available treatment options are not effective enough and more than 20,000 children and adults are expected to lose their battle against this lethal disease in 2012 alone.

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  • MELANOMA CANCER

     

    Description: Although most skin cancers are curable, melanoma claimed an estimated 9,000 U.S. lives in 2012, and accounts for 75% of all skin cancer deaths. Melanoma is more difficult to prevent because, unlike other types of skin cancer, heredity plays a major role in its development.

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  • MESOTHELIOMA CANCER

     

    Description: Mesothelioma is a rare type of cancer, in which malignant cells grow in the chest or abdomen lining. Most individuals who develop mesothelioma have been exposed to airborne asbestos particles on a regular basis.

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  • MULTIPLE MYELOMA  

     

    Description: Multiple Myeloma forms in a specific type of white blood cell – plasma cells. Over time, myeloma cells collect in the bone marrow and in solid parts of bone.

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  • OVARIAN CANCER

     

    Description: Ovarian cancer only affects women and is found in the ovaries, part of the female reproductive system. Known as the “Silent Killer” too often the cancer goes undiagnosed until after the disease is far advanced and has spread throughout the abdomen or to distant organs.

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  • PANCREATIC CANCER

     

    Description: Pancreatic cancer occurs in a gland that is located behind the stomach and helps to break down food. While treatment exists, there is a greater potential to advance these treatments to have a higher survival rate.

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  • SARCOMA

     

    Description: Sarcoma is a very rare cancer that occurs in soft tissues such as fat, muscles or nerves. There are many different types, depending on what tissue the sarcoma starts in.

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  • TESTICULAR CANCER

     

    Description: Testicular cancer occurs when malignant cells are found in one or both testicles. While it only accounts for 1% of all cancers in men, it is the most common type of cancer in young men between the ages of 15 and 35.

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  • THYROID CANCER

     

    Description: The thyroid is a hormone-producing gland at the front of our neck (beneath the larynx). Usually, thyroid cells grow and divide, as the body needs them. Sometimes, this process goes awry, leading to the buildup of extra cells.

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  • UTERINE CANCER

     

    Description: Uterine cancer, also called endometrial cancer, is a cancer that originates in the inner lining of the uterus. Most known risk factors appear to be related to changes in the balance between estrogen and progesterone, two main female hormones.

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